זומר - ייעוץ וטיפול פסיכולוגי
زومر- استشاره وعلاج نفسي
Somer – Counseling and Psychotherapy

If you are aware of valuable MD resources that are not listed here please let us know

Maladaptive Daydreaming page

 Scientific studies

 

Somer, E. (2017). Maladaptive daydreaming: Ontological analysis, treatment rationale and a pilot case report (in press). Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation Forthcoming 
Somer, E. & Herscu, O. (2017). Childhood trauma, social anxiety, absorption and fantasy dependence: Two potential mediated pathways to maladaptive daydreaming. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy & Rehabilitation, 6(3) Forthcoming
Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., & Ross, C. A. (2017). The comorbidity of daydreaming disorder (Maladaptive Daydreaming). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 205(7), 525-530. doi: 10.1097/NMD.00000000000006 85 85
Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., Ross, C. A., & Halpern, N. (2017). Maladaptive daydreaming: Proposed diagnostic criteria and their assessment with a structured clinical interview. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(2), 176-189
Somer, E. Somer, L. & Jopp, S.D. (2016). Childhood Antecedents and Maintaining Factors in Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(6), 471-478. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000507
Somer, E. Somer, L. & Jopp, S.D. (2016). Parallel Lives: A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 17(5), 561-576, doi: 10.1080/15299732.2016.1160463
Somer, E., Lehrfeld J., Jopp, D.S., & Bigelsen, J. (2016). Development and Validation of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS). Consciousness and Cognition, 39, 77-91
Bigelsen, J., Lehrfeld, J.M., Jopp, D.S. & Somer, E. (2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: Evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, 254-266
הרשקו, אורן (2015).  חולמים עצמם לדעת: הקשר בין חלימה בהקיץ חריגה, טראומה בילדות, שקיעה בדימיון, חרדה חברתית והתמכרות לחלימה בהקיץ בקרב  מדגם סטודנטים לא קליני. עבודת גמר מחקרית לקבלת תואר מוסמך שהוגשה לפקולטה למדעי הרווחה והבריאת, אוניברסיטת חיפה
Uslu, H. (2015). Understanding the relationship between media use and maladaptive daydreaming. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduare School of Arts and Sciences of Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
Herscu, O. (2015). When Life Becomes a Dream:The Relationship between Maladaptive Daydreaming, Childhood Trauma, Absorption, Social Anxiety, and Addiction to Daydreaming in a non-clinical student sample. Thesis submitted to the University of Haifa Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies (In Hebrew) - English abstract

Somer, E. (2013). From adaptive fantasy to dissociative psychopathology: On forms of daydreaming. A commentary on Young, W.C. (1988). Observations on Fantasy in the Formation of Multiple Personality Disorder Dissociation. Dissociation, 1(3) 13-20. ISSTDNews, Members Clinical Corner, June, 2013

Bigelsen, J., & Schupak, C. (2011). Compulsive fantasy: Proposed evidence of an under-reported syndrome through a systematic study of 90 self-identified non-normative fantasizers. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 20, 1634-1648
Schupak, C. & Rosenthal, J. (2009). Excessive daydreaming: A case history and discussion of mind wandering and high fantasy proneness. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 18, 290-292.
Somer, E. (2002). Maladaptive daydreaming: A qualitative inquiry. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 32(2), 195-210

 

  Measurement

(16-The 16-item Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale  (MDS  
Copyright, Use, and Permission Statement Note: The following materials are available for attributed public use. We would appreciate being notified of your planned use.  If you wish to copy, distribute, or otherwise re-use these materials or to modify them, please first contact Eli Somer for reprint permission
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Proposed Criteria for the Diagnosis of Maldaptive Daydreaming
DSM format
 Structured Clinical Interview for Maldaptive Daydreaming (SCIMD)
SCIMD
Child Maladaptive Daydreaming Checklist (CMDC)
CMDC

 

 Media reports

Phantawat Settawilai (June, 10, 2017). เคยเป็นไหม? ‘โรคฝันกลางวัน’ : เสพติดการเพ้อฝัน แต่ไม่ถึง ขั้นเป็นบ้า. Is it daydreaming? - Addictive but not crazy. The 101 World- Isolation. Retrievd from https://www.the101.world/life/maladaptive-daydreaming/, Dec.10.2017 - In Thai
Magenta, A. (2017, October-November issue)). The mind's virtual reality. Forbes Africa, 40-41.
Kelly, J. (2017). The daydream that never stops: When does living in a fantasy world become a problem? BBC News.The daydream that never stops: When does living in a fantasy world become a problem? BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/the_daydream_that_never_stops, Oct. 5, 2017
Kamm, R. (2017). Quando sonhar acordado obsessivamente se torna uma doença mental. Quando sonhar acordado obsessivamente se torna uma doença mental. The Vice, Broadly. Retrieved from https://www.vice.com/pt_br/article/8x54eg/sonhar-acordado-obsessivamente on Oct. 31, 2017 - In Brazilian Portugese
Hartwell-Walker, D. (2017). I Spend a Ludicrous Amount of Time in My Head. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 25, 2017, from https://psychcentral.com/ask-the-therapist/2017/10/23/i-spend-a-ludicrous-amount-of-time-in-my-head/
Casaflores, C. (2017). I Lost Decades In A Daydream. BuzzFeed.I Lost Decades In A Daydream. BuzzFeed. Rerived from https://tinyurl.com/yatg9f9n on Oct.3, 2017
Kandola, A. (2017, September 14). "Maladaptive daydreaming: Symptoms and management." Medical News Today. Retrieved from https://tinyurl.com/yb8329vf
Kamm, R. (2017). Quand les rêves éveillés deviennent une maladie mentale.Quand les rêves éveillés deviennent une maladie mentale. The Vice, Broadly. Retrieved from https://www.vice.com/fr/article/jpdqmb/quand-les-reves-eveilles-deviennent-une-maladie-mentale on Aug. 5, 2017 - in French
Kamm, R. (2017). Wenn Tagträume zu einer psychischen Krankheit werden. The Vice, Broadly. Retrieved from https://broadly.vice.com/de/article/d3gpyw/wenn-tagtraeume-zu-einer-psychischen-krankheit-werden on July, 28, 2017 - In German
BBC World News, Impact (Host Yalda Hakim), Maladaptive Daydreaming, inrerview with a sufferer and with Prof. Eli Somer, Aug,9, 2017.
Enochs, E. (2017). Common habits that can actually be signs of anxiety. Bustle. Retrived from https://www.bustle.com/p/common-habits-that-can-actually-be-signs-of-anxiety-43127 on March 24, 2017.
Kraft, A. (March 30, 2017). Daydreaming too much can be a sign of a mental illness. Counsel&Heal, Mental Health. http://www.counselheal.com/articles/37088/20170330/daydreaming-much-sign-mental-illness-video.htm accessed April 1, 2017
Groundbreaking Research: Scientific evidence to demonstrate that "excessive daydreaming" is a distinct psychological phenomenon  (Spring, 2017). New Heights: University of Haifa Magazine, p.7.
Glausiusz, J. (March, 2017). Living in an Imaginary World. Scientific American – Mind, retrived from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/living-in-an-imaginary-world1/ April 19, 2017
My life with maladaptive daydreaming (Feb, 22, 2017). Mars' Hill. http://www.marshillonline.com/academy/my-life-with-maladaptive-daydreaming accessed 23.2.17
Kamm, R. (2017). When Does Obsessive Daydreaming Become a Mental Illness? The Vice, Broadly. When Does Obsessive Daydreaming Become a Mental Illness? The Vice, Broadly. Retrived from https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/when-does-obsessive-daydreaming-become-a-mental-illness on January 10, 2017.
Pequenino. K. (Dec. 30, 2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: When fantasies become a nightmare. CNN (retrived from http://edition.cnn.com/2016/12/30/health/maladaptive-daydreaming-feature/index.html)

CNN report (Dec. 30, 2016). What is maladaptive daydreaming?

The story was also featured on Fox 61 TV.

Haber, S. (2016). Ensoñación Excesiva, CDI Informa, 2715, 24 - In Spanish
Tsoulis-Reay, A. (2016). What It’s Like When Your Daydreams Are Just As Real As Life. New York Magazine (Oct. 12, 2016)
CBS New York (2016). What To Do When ‘Destructive Daydreams’ Overtake Reality. Print story retrived from http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2016/11/09/destructive-daydreams/ on Nov.9., 2016
Dovey, D. (2016). Maldaptive daydreaming top triggers and risk factors: How to know if you're addicted to daydreaming. Retrived from Medicaldaily.com on Sept. 29, 2016

Kamm, R. (2016). A world of their own. The Wireless. Retrieved from http://thewireless.co.nz/articles/a-world-of- their-own on Aug. 15, 2016

Goldhill, O. (2016). Daydreaming can become so maladaptive, it looks lioke a psychiatric disorder. Retrieved from http://qz.com/768436/daydreaming-can-become-so-maladaptive-it-looks-like-a-psychiatric-disorder/ on Aug. 28, 2016
Handrich, R. (June 15, 2016). The maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS). The Jury Room. Accessed http://keenetrial.com/blog/2016/06/15/the-maladaptive-daydreaming-scale-mds/ April 19, 2017.
CBS New York (2016). What To Do When ‘Destructive Daydreams’ Overtake Reality. TV story aired Nov. 9, 2016
Keene, D. (June 13, 2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: The next legal defense theory? The Jury Room. Reterieved from http://keenetrial.com/blog/2016/06/13/maladaptive-daydreaming-the-next-legal-defense-theory/ on April 19, 2017.
Tatera, K. (May 16, 2016). "Maladaptive" daydreamers dream up tp 69 percent of the day, feel they have an addiction. The Science Explorer
Efrati, E. (May 16, 2016). Researchers: maladaptive daydreaming can become a psychiatric disorder. Haaretz - in Hebrew
 2016 חוקרים: חלימה חריגה בהקיץ עשויה להפוך להפרעה פסיכיאטרית: כתבה של עידו אפרתי ב״הארץ״ 
Gazit, G. (2016). Can daydreaming lead to a psychiatric disorder? Non-stop Radio 103 FM, Aired May 16, 2016 - In Hebrew
Patri, A. (2016). À quel stade rêvasser devient-il dangereux pour la santé mentale? slate.fr - In French
Reddy, A. (2016). When daydreaming becomes a problem. Wall Street Journal, May 9, 2016
Siegel-Itzkovich, J. (May 15, 2016). Studies identify disorder of 'maladaptive daydreaming'. Jerusalem Post
Medical News (May 20, 2016). De Onderzoekers identificeren nieuwe psychologische wanorde, het maladaptive maydreaming - In Dutch
גבי גזית מראיין ב 2016 את פרופ׳ אלי זומר על חלימה חריגה בהקיץ, רדיו ללא הפסקה

Bigelsen, J. and Kelly, T. (April 29, 2015). When daydreaming replaces real life: should elaborate fantasies be considered a psychiatric disorder? The Atlantic

Bonaguro, A. (2015). How to Make Your Daydreams Come True: Letting your mind wander can help your life, or hurt it. Men’s Health
Bonaguro, A. (2015). Wakker worden! Dagdromen kan gevaarlijk zijn. www.menshealth.nl - In Dutch
Tremonti, A.M. (June 9, 2015). Maladaptive daydreaming, a debilitating condition with no escape . The Current, CBC. Originally aired on June 9, 2015
Zepps, J. (2015). Is excessive daydreaming a psychiatric disorder? Huffpost Live. Originally aired May 4, 2015
Le Blanc, N. (2015). De meeste dagdromen zijn bedrog. De Standaard, Feb. 19, 2015 - in Flemish
Třešňák, P. (2015). Každý vizionář se na začátku jeví trochu jako blázen. respekt.cz - In Czech
Glausiusz, J. (2014). Living in an Imaginary World. Scientific American – Mind
Borrayo, J.G.M. (2013). Soñar despierto - Divagaciones sanas y patológicas. - In Spanish
Crno-bela strana sanjarenja (The black and white sides of daydreaming). retrieved from http://www.pricajmootome.rs/index.php/psiholoske-teme/zanimljivi-tekstovi/317-crno-bela-strana-sanjarenja on Dec. 10.2017 - In Slovenian

 

  Petitions to study and recognise MD 

 

More research into maladaptive daydreaming, Petition to the UK Government and Parliament
Legally recognize Maladaptive Daydreaming as a mental disorder, Petition to the American Psychiatric Association
Help Malaptive Daydreaming be officially recognized as a mental disorder/illness, Petition to the American Psychiatric Association

 

 

 Resources

 Wikipedia
Arabic - أحلام اليقظة المفرطة
English - aticle needs to be re-wrtitten
Pakonomainen haaveilu - Finnish
Trouble de la rêverie compulsive - French
Devaneio excessivo - Portugese
Ensoñación excesiva - Spanish
 
Maladaptive Daydreaming Communities 

Wild Minds Network

Maladaptive Daydreaming on Reddit 
Maladaptive Daydreamers Forum on Yahoo groups
 
Facebook Communities 
 Maladaptive DayDreaming Real-Time Chat Group
 Maladaptive Daydreaming Disorder Support
 Maladaptive Daydreamers

Maladaptive daydreaming

The Daydreamer's Network + Twitter @daydreamerntwk 
Túlzott álmodozás - Maladaptive Daydreaming (Hungary)
Maladaptive Daydreaming Italia
Maladaptive Daydreaming Brasil (page)
Maladaptive Daydreaming Brasil (group)
Maladaptive Daydreaming Türkiye
חלימה בהקיץ מופרזת Maladaptive Daydreaming
Arabmders - احلام اليقظة المبالغ بها
 
Sample Pinterest pages   
Maladaptive Daydreaming
Emma-Jean Cooper
Katie Lavan
Elodie The Fangirl
 Adrienne Bruce
Jasmine Williams
 
  Press releases and informationals
Soñar despierto podría ser perjudicial para la salud - in Spanish
Sognare a occhi aperti crea dipendenza. Lo dice la scienza, supereve.it - In Italian

Hayal kurmak bir hastalık mı? Asiri Hayal Kurma Problemi (Maladaptive Hayal Kurma) - In Turkish

Aşırı Hayal Kurma Problemi (Maladaptive Hayal Kurma)
Waspadalah, Melamun Gejala Awal Maladaptive Daydreaming!, doktersehat.com - In Malay
Marzeń - Maladaptive daydreaming, psajko.fora.pl - In Polish
In Hebrew - סדרת  מחקרים זיהתה הפרעה פסיכולוגית חדשה:חלימה חריגה בהקיץ, אוניברסיטת חיפה
In Arabic - أحلام اليقظة المبالغ بها
 
  Blogs and websites 

thedreamersof

Disturbo da Fantasia Compulsive - in Italian
Maladaptive Daydreaming Disorder - In French
Överiä haaveilua - In Finnish
Maladaptive Daydreaming Brasil - in Portugese 
Maladaptivedaydreamingblog, Una scatola di sogni ad occhi aperti, i miei - In Italian
Diário de um compulsivo por fantasia, maladaptivedaydreaminguide.wordpress.com - In Portugese
oursecretstories 
maladaptivedaydreamingsupport

maladaptivedaydreaming-problems 

letstalkaboutmdd

MDD Support
Maladaptive Daydreaming Macaw

Maladaptive Daydreams

 
Sample YouTube Testimonies 
Somer Clinic YouTube channel
I talk to myself
Maladaptive Daydreamiong vlog 
Maladaptive Daydreaming
My maladaptive daydreaming story 
Maladaptive Daydreaming - What it has done to me
My Maladaptive Daydreaming Disorder
Maladaptive Daydreaming
מאמרים בבלוג שלנו
חלימה בהקיץ מופרזת Maldaptive Daydreaming

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